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Following is a list of recent publications MDL scientists and technologists have been involved in during 2009:

  1. D. W. Wilson, “Electromagnetic Modeling of Multi-Wavelength QWIP Optical Coupling Structures,”Infrared Physics & Technology, vol. 52, p. 224, 2009.
  2. D. Z.-Y. Ting, C. J. Hill, A. Soibel, S. A. Keo, J. M. Mumolo, J. Nguyen, and S. D. Gunapala, “A High-Performance Long Wavelength Superlattice Complementary Barrier Infrared Detector,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95(2), p. 023508, 2009.
  3. C. O. McPheeters, C. J. Hill, S. H. Lim, D. Derkacs, D. Z. Ting, and E. T. Yu, “Improved Performance of In(Ga)As/GaAs Quantum Dot Solar Cells Via Light 
Scattering by Nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106(5), p. 056101, 2009.
  4. C. J. Hill, A. Soibel, D. Z.-Y. Ting, S. A. Keo, J. M. Mumolo, J. Nguyen, M. Lee, and S. D. Gunapala, “High-Temperature Operation of Long-Wavelength Infrared Superlattice Detector with Suppressed Dark Current,” Electronics Letters, vol. 45(21) p.1089, 2009.
  5. S. D. Gunapala, S. V. Bandara, J. K. Liu, J. M. Mumolo, D. Z. Ting, C. J. Hill, J. Nguyen, B. Simolon, J. Woolaway, S. Wang, W. Li, P. D. LeVan, and M. Z. Tidrow, “Demonstration of Megapixel Dual-Band QWIP Focal Plane Array,” accepted for publication in IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, January, 2010.
  6. S. D. Gunapala, S. V. Bandara, J. K. Liu, J. M. Mumolo, D. Z. Ting, C.J. Hill, J. Nguyen, B. Simolon, J. Woolaway, S. C. Wang, W. Li, P. D. LeVan, and M. Z. Tidrow, “1024 × 1024 Format Pixel Co-Located Simultaneously Readable Dual-Band QWIP Focal Plane,” Infrared Physics & Technology, vol. 52, (6), p. 395, 2009.
  7. C. J. Hill, A. Soibel, S. A. Keo, J. M. Mumolo, D. Z. Ting, and S. D. Gunapala, “Demonstration of Large-Format Mid-Wavelength Infrared Focal Plane Arrays Based on Superlattice and BIRD Detector Structures,” Infrared Physics & Technology, vol. 52 (6), p. 348, 2009.
  8. A. Soibel, Sumith V. Bandara, David Z. Ting, John K. Liu, Jason M. Mumolo, Sir B. Rafol, William R. Johnson, Daniel W. Wilson, and Sarath D. Gunapala, “A Super-Pixel QWIP Focal Plane Array for Imaging Multiple Waveband Temperature Sensor,” Infrared Physics & Technology,  vol. 52 (6), p. 403, 2009.
  9. D. Z.-Y. Ting, S. V. Bandara, J. Mumolo, S. A. Keo, J. Nguyen, H.C. Liu, C.Y. Song, Y.-C. Chang, Sir B. Rafol, C. J. Hill, S. D. Gunapala, A. Soibel, J. K. Liu, and 
E. Blazejewski, “Dots, QWISPs, and BIRDs,” Infrared Physics & Technology, vol. 52, Issue 6, pp. 294–298, 2009.
  10. J. Nguyen, D. Z. Ting, C. J. Hill, A. Soibel, S. A. Keo, S. D. Gunapala, “Dark Current Analysis of InAs/GaSb Superlattices at Low Temperatures,” Infrared Physics & Technology, vol. 52(6), p. 317, 2009.
  11. B. Simolon, N. Aziz, S. Cogan, E. Kurth, S. Lam, S. Petronio, J. Woolaway, S. Bandara, S. Gunapala, andJ. Mumolo, “High-Performance Two-Color One-Megapixel CMOS ROIC for QWIP Detectors,” Infrared Physics & Technology, vol. 52, p. 391, 2009.
  12. A. Soibel, M. W. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “High-Speed Operation of Interband Cascade Lasers,” Electronics Letters, vol. 45, pp. 264, 2009.
  13. J. Chen, T. Hosoda, G. Kipshidze, L. Shterengas, G. Belenky, A. Soibel, C. Frez, and S. Forouhar, “Single Spatial Mode Room Temperature Operated 3.15 µm Diode Lasers,” submitted to Electronics Letters.
  14. P. A. Willis, A. Fisher, F. Greer, F. Grunthaner, D. Hoppe, T. Chiesl, R. Mathies, and J. Rolland, “Development of a Fully Integrated Lab-on-a-Chip Electrophoresis System for ExoMars and Future Astrobiology Missions,” Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 11, EGU2009-6134, 2009.
  15. F. Greer, M. Dickie, R. P. Vasquez, T. J. Jones, M. E. Hoenk, and S. Nikzad, “Plasma Treatment Methods to Improve Indium Bump Bonding Via Indium Oxide Removal, “Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, vol. 27 p. 2132, 2009.
  16. J. Lopez, F. Greer, and J. R. Greer, “Enhanced Resistance of Single-Layer Graphene to Ion Bombardment,” submitted to Applied Physics Letters.
  17. N. Tripathi, L. D. Bell, and F. Shahedipour-Sandvik, “AlGaN Based III-Nitride Tunnel Barrier Hyperspectral Detector: Effect of Internal Polarization,” submitted to 
IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology.
  18. A. B. Kaul and H. M. Manohara, “Carbon Nanotube Vacuum Gauges with Wide Dynamic Range,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 8 (2), p. 252, 2009.
  19. X. Amashukeli, S. B. Patrick, P. T. Yung, and F. J. Grunthaner, “Subcritical Water Extractor for Mars-Analog Soil Analysis,” Astrobiology, vol. 8(3), p. 583, 2008.
  20. A. M. Stockton, T. N. Chiesl, T. K. Lowenstein, X. Amashukeli, F. Grunthaner, and R. A. Mathies, “Capillary Electrophoresis Analysis of Organic Amines 
and Amino Aids in Saline and Acidic Samples Using the Mars Organic Analyzer,” Astrobiology, accepted, 2009.
  21. T. K. Chiesl, W. K. Chu, A. M. Stockton, X. Amashukeli, F. Grunthaner, and R. A. Mathies, “Enhanced Amine and Amino Acid Analysis Using Pacific Blue and the Mars Organic Analyzer Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis System,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 81 (7), p. 2537, 2009.
  22. H. M. Manohara, R. Toda, R. H. Lin, A. Liao, M. J. Bronikowski, and P. H. Siegel, “Carbon Nanotube Bundle Array Cold Cathodes for THz Vacuum Tube Sources,” Journal of Infrared, Millimeter Wave, and THz Technology, vol. 30, p.1338, 2009
  23. M. Van Handel, D. Alizadeh, L. Zhang, B. Kateb, M. J. Bronikowski, H. Manohara, and B. Badie, “Selective Uptake of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Tumor Macrophages in a Murine Glioma Model,” Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol. 208, p. 3, 2009.
  24. R. Toda, E. Luong, R. Lin, A. Liao, and H. Manohara, “Monolithically Integrated Carbon Nanotube Bundle Field Emitters Using a Double-SOI Process,” 
IEEE/ASME Transducers 2009, p. 2042, 2009.
  25. A. B. Kaul, K. G. Megerian, P. von Allman, and R. L. Baron, “Single, Aligned Carbon Nanotubes in 3D Nanoscale Architectures Enabled by Top-Down and Bottom-Up Manufacturable Processes,” Nanotechnology, vol. 20 (7), p. 075303, 2009.
  26. A. B. Kaul, “Gas Sensing with Long, Diffusively Contacted Carbon Nanotubes,” Nanotechnology, vol. 20 (15), p. 155501, 2009.
  27. N. Llombert, G. Chattopadhyay, and I. Mehdi, “Integrated Silicon Lens Antennas for Terahertz Heterodyne Arrays,” submitted to the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.
  28. N. Llombart, K. B. Cooper, B. J. Dengler, T. Bryllert, and P. H. Siegel,“Confocal Ellipsoidal Reflector System for a Mechanically Scanned Active Terahertz Imager,” submitted to IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.
  29. G. L. Kerber, A. W. Kleinsasser, and B. Bumble, “Fabrication of Submicrometer High Current Density Nb/Al-AlNx/Nb Junctions,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 19, p. 159, 2009.
  30. B. Bumble, A. Fung, A. B. Kaul, A. W. Kleinsasser, G. L. Kerber, P. Bunyk, and E. Ladizinsky, “Submicrometer Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb Integrated Circuit Fabrication Process for Quantum Computing Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 19, p. 226, 2009.
  31. T. Lanting, A. J. Berkley, B. Bumble, P. Bunyk, A. Fung, J. Johansson, A. Kaul, A. W. Kleinsasser, E. Ladizinsky, F. Maibaum, R. Harris, M. W. Johnson, and E. Tolkacheva, “Geometrical Dependence of the Low-Frequency Noise in Superconducting Flux Qubits,” Physical Review B, vol. 79, p. 060509, 2009.
  32. M. D. Shaw, J. F. Schneiderman, J. Bueno, B. S. Palmer, P. Delsing, and P. M.. Echternach, “Characterization of an Entangled System of Two Superconducting Qubits Using a Multiplexed Capacitance Measurement,” Physical Review B, vol. 79, p. 014516, 2009.
  33. P. M. Echternach, J. F. Schneiderman, M. D. Shaw, and P. Delsing, “Progress in the Development of a Single Cooper-Pair Box Qubit,” Quantum Information 
Processing, vol. 8, p. 183, 2009.
  34. M. D. Shaw, J. Bueno, P. Day, C. M. Bradford, and P. M. Echternach, “Quantum Capacitance Detector: A Pair-Breaking Radiation Detector Based on the Single Cooper-Pair Box,” Physical Review B, vol. 79, p. 144511, 2009.
  35. M. D. LaHaye, J. Suh, P. M. Echternach, K. D. Schwab, and M. L. Roukes, “Nanomechanical Measurements of a Superconducting Qubit,” Nature, vol. 459, p. 960, 2009.
  36. J. A. Bonetti, P. K. Day, M. Kenyon, C. L. Kuo, A. Turner, H. G. LeDuc, and J. J. Bock, “Characterization of Antenna-Coupled TES Bolometers for the Spider Experiment,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 19, p. 520, 2009.
  37. M. Kenyon, P. K. Day, C. M. Bradford, J. J. Bock, and H. G. LeDuc, “Heat Capacity of Absorbers for Transition-Edge Sensors Suitable for Space-Borne Far-IR/Submm Spectroscopy,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol.19, p. 524, 2009.
  38. S. Kumar, A. Vayonakis, H. G. LeDuc, P. K. Day, S. Golwala, and J. Zmuidzinas, “Millimeter-Wave Lumped Element Superconducting Bandpass Filters for Multicolor Imaging,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 19, p. 924, 2009.
  39. A. Karpov, D. Miller, J. A. Stern, B. Bumble, H. G. LeDuc, and J. Zmuidzinas, “Development of Low-Noise THz SIS Mixer Using an Array of Nb/Al-AlN/NbTiN Junctions,” IEEE Trans-actions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 19, p. 305, 2009.


  1. A. Soibel, C. Frez, S. Forouhar, G. Kipshidze, L. Shterengas, and G. Belenky, “Single Spatial Mode Room Temperature Operated 3.0–3.4 µm Diode Lasers,” NTR, #47377.
  2. P. A. Willis, F. Greer, H. Jiao, and W. Fan, “Lab-on-a-Chip Microchannel Packing for Capillary Electrochroma-tography,” NTR, #47319.
  3. F. Greer, M. R. Dickie, T. J. Jones, T. J. Cunningham, E. R. Blazejewski, S. Nikzad, and M. Hoenk, “Real-Time Monitoring of Indium Bump Reflow and Oxide Removal Enabling Optimization of Indium Bump Morphology,” NTR, #47422.
  4. F. Greer, M. Beasley, B. Gantner, and S. Nikzad, “Plasma Treatment to Remove Carbon from Indium UV Filters,” NTR, #47400.
  5. F. Greer, M. Hoenk, and S. Nikzad, “Vacuum Integrated Selective Chemical Removal of Native Oxide Prior to MBE Growth,” NTR, #46254.
  6. M. Hoenk, F. Greer, and S. Nikzad, “Delta-Doping at Wafer Level for High-Throughput, High-Yield Fabrication of Silicon Imaging Arrays,” NTR, #47242.
  7. Y. Bae, H. Manohara, V. White, K. Scheglov, and H. Shahinian, “Stereo Imaging Miniature Endoscope with a Single Chip and Conjugated Multibandpass Filters,” 
NPO, 47420 (2009).
  8. K. Yee, E. Sunada, G. Ganapathi, H. Manohara, M. Prina, and A. Homyk, “Micro-Textured Black Silicon Wick for Silicon Heat Pipe Array,” NPO, 47299 (2009).
  9. H. Manohara, M. Mojarradi, and H. F. Greer, “Thermionic Power Cell (Tpc) to Harness Heat Energies for Venus and Geothermal Applications,” NPO, 46967 (2009).
  10. X. Amashukeli, H. Gray, B. Subbert, H. Manohara, F. Greer, and L. J. Hall, “Silicon/Carbon Nanotube Photocathode for Splitting Water,” NPO, 46951 (2009).
  11. J. Blacksberg, “Simultaneous Spectral Temporal Adaptive Raman Spectrometer — SSTARS,” NTR, #46752.
  12. S. Gunapala, D. Ting, C. Hill, and S. Bandara, “nBn Infrared Detector Containing Graded Absorption Layer,” NASA Tech Briefs, 33, pp. 54–55, March 2009.